ESA GNC Conference Papers Repository

Autonomous Star Sensor ASTRO APS - Flight Experience on Alphasat
Schmidt, U.; Fiksel, T.; Kwiatkowski, A.; Steinbach, I.; Michel, K.
Presented at:
Porto 2014
Full paper:

Jena-Optronik GmbH, located in Jena/Germany, has profound experience in designing and manufacturing star trackers since the early 80ties. Today the company has a worldwide leading position in supplying geostationary and earth observation satellites with robust and reliable star tracker systems. In the first decade of the new century Jena-Optronik received a development contract (17317/2003/F/WE) from the European Space Agency to establish the technologically challenging elements for which advanced star tracker technologies as CMOS Active Pixel Sensors were being introduced or were considered strategic. This activity was performed in the frame of the Alphabus large platform pre-development lead by ESA and the industrial Joint Project Team consisting of Astrium (now Airbus Defence&Space), TAS and CNES. The new autonomous star tracker, ASTRO APS, extends the Jena-Optronik ASTRO-series CCD based star tracker products taken the full benefit of the CMOS APS technology. ASTRO APS is a fully autonomous compact star tracker carrying either the space qualified radiation hard STAR1000 or the HAS2 APS detectors. The star tracker is one of four Technology Demonstration Payloads (TDP6) carried by Alphasat as hosted payload in the frame of a successful Private Public Partnership between ESA and Inmarsat who owns and operates the satellite as part of its geostationary communication satellites fleet. TDP6 supports also directly TDP1, a Laser Communication Terminal, for fine pointing tasks. Alphasat was flawlessly brought in orbit end of July 2013 by a European Ariane 5 launcher. Only a few hours after launch the star tracker received its switch ON command and acquired nominally within 6 seconds the inertial 3-axes attitude. In the following days of the early in orbit operations of Alphasat the TDP6 unit tracked reliably all the spacecraft maneuvers including the 0.1deg/sec and 0.2deg/sec spin stabilization for Sun pointing, all of the apogee engine thrusts, Moon field of view transits and recovered to stable tracking after several Earth and Sun blindings before the spacecraft entered a preliminary Earth pointing in a nominal geo-stationary attitude. The Jena-Optronik TDP6 operation center received daily the star tracker status- and attitude data. The huge amount of acquired raw data has been evaluated in order to characterize the ASTRO APS (STAR1000) star tracker in-orbit performance. The paper will present in detail these data processing activities and will show the extraordinary good results. Due to the diverse transfer orbit satellite operations the key performance star tracker data like attitude random noise, single star noise, star brightness measurement, baffle Sun exclusion angle, temperature control, etc. could be derived and have been compared to the ground based laboratory and field measurements. The ultimate performance parameters achieved and verified as well as the lessons learned from the comparison to the ground test data are summarized in the conclusion of the paper.