ESA GNC Conference Papers Repository
Sunsensors and the Limits of Scalability
There is a lack of small and affordable attitude sensors for ?-satellites. Standardisation to commercial off-the-shelf equipment is a means to reduce sensor cost, but does not lead to physically smaller sensors. Micro-nano-technology (analogous to wafer fab) can pave the way to smaller and cheaper attitude sensors. TNO is involved with research and application programs for miniaturization of sensors. Mini-sized sun sensors are already produced for in-orbit demonstration and operational tasks. In the mean time technology development is on-going for future analog and digital micro-sensor concepts for sun sensing and for sensor system integration. This paper addresses TNOs approach and will give examples of existing and future mini- and micro sensors for attitude measurement.