ESA GNC Conference Papers Repository

Spacecraft Line-of-Sight Jitter Management and Mitigation Lessons Learned and Engineering Best Practices
Cornelius Dennehy, Aron A. Wolf, Davin K. Swanson
Presented at:
Virtual Conference 2021
Full paper:

Predicting, managing, controlling, and testing spacecraft line-of-sight (LoS) jitter caused by micro-vibrations due to on-board internal disturbance sources is a formidable multidisciplinary engineering task. It is especially challenging for those missions hosting high-performance (e.g., nano-radian/milli-arcsecond class), vibration-sensitive optical sensor payloads with stringent pointing stability requirements. The Nation Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the European Space Agency (ESA) are planning technically aggressive spaceflight missions that include ultra-high-performance optical payloads with delicate, highly vibration-sensitive scientific and observational instruments. The guidance, navigation, and control community of practice will need to leverage collective experiences and document their best practices and lessons learned to address future micro-vibration challenges. To identify lessons learned and best practices the NASA Engineering & Safety Center (NESC) sponsored a 2-day Spacecraft LoS Jitter Workshop in late 2019. The workshop?s goal was to provide a multidisciplinary forum to elicit deeper understanding of the issues related to addressing the spacecraft LoS jitter/micro-vibration problem. The primary objective was to identify, document, and share lessons learned, best practices, and preferred options for jitter-related analysis and test activities. Representatives from NASA, ESA, along with NASA?s industrial partners, independent consultant subject matter experts, and members of academia participated in the workshop. This paper describes the motivation for the workshop and summarize the identified findings and recommendations.